Characteristics of fixed resistors
Chip type fixed resistors
Resistors with terminals that have been treated for soldering or bonding and do not have terminal wires (lead wires).
They can be divided into rectangular type and cylindrical type. Five types depending on the resistive material are shown below.
- Rectangular type…1. Metal glaze film type, 2. Metal film type, 3. Metal plate type
- Cylindrical type...4. Carbon film type, 5. Metal film type
Among them, the metal glaze film type accounts for the majority of the market in terms of cost, downsizing, and ease of mounting. Some statistics show that more than 90% of chip fixed resistors are metal glaze film type.
The trend of downsizing is remarkable in the chip type, and the demands has been increasing for 1005 size (1.0 mm x 0.5 mm) and 0603 size (0.6 mm x 0.3 mm) for the rectangular type. The adoption of 0402 size (0.4 mm x 0.2 mm) has been advancing for mobile communication devices such as mobile phones and smartphones.
Rectangular type chip fixed resistors
This type can be roughly divided into thick film metal glaze type and thin film metal type. Mass production is mainly on thick film type. The thick film type features excellent mountability and environmental resistance, whereas the thin film type features small resistance tolerance, small T.C.R. and low current noise. In particular, the T.C.R. of the thick film type is around 25×10-6/K, while that of the thin film type is as small as around 5×10-6/K, making its resistance value stable over time.
The size of rectangular type resistor has been standardized in 0402, 0603, 1005, 1608, 2012, 3216 (mm code). The demand for 0403 size in particular is rapidly increasing among mobile communication devices. 0603, 1005 and 1608 size are widely used for applications in consumer products, industrial equipment and automotive. High power type has 3216, 3225, 5025 and 6331 size in the lineup. Recently, wide terminal types that provide higher rated power compared to chip resistors of the same size, have been developed in 0510, 0816, 1220, 1632, 2550, and 3163 size.
Cylindrical chip fixed resistors
Commonly known as MELF (Metal Electrode Leadless Face), a type of chip resistor with a structure of a general type axial lead resistor without the lead wire but with the metal plated cap attached to the electrodes at both ends. Its cylindrical shape and metal cap eliminate the concept of front and back, give excellent electrode and mechanical strength, and have precise structural dimension that achieves high precision in supplying and mounting of resistors. In addition, the metal film type is excellent in the resistance accuracy, T.C.R., and suppressing current noise.